Currently, the web design frameworks are pushing newer ideas for programmers as well as designers who are employing a basic framework to create their websites and for that purpose are learning more on the subject.

In this post, I will try to add my knowledge about frameworks and help you understand them better for their further use in web development.

What are Frameworks?

Frameworks are standardized codes like CSS, HTML and JavaScript documents (JS documents) that support website development. Like other frameworks, web design frameworks are used as basic structures to build a site. This mainly helps to save designers’ time. Frameworks can be used as procedures to provide a necessary structure during website development.

Frameworks are a valuable package. One can simply generate an (X)HTML document with the help of the framework which has several benefits like typography, forms, layout grids, padding and margins, working widgets and others. To give a tailor-made finish to a site, one can score better by adding more styles to the default ones.

Types of Frameworks

Frameworks are a theoretical concept based on which a site can be built. For example, the programmer’s layer helps in linking the database with the site content. The programmer’s layer uses PHP language. The site content is located in the designer’s layer for viewing it in a browser. The content should be present in HTML documents along with CSS style sheets.

Basically, frameworks are of two types: Front-end and Back-end.

Front-end framework (CSS Frameworks):Front-end Frameworks or CSS Frameworks have a generic structure of standardized codes like JavaScript documents, HTML, CSS, etc. in files and folders. It is for presentation layer.

Languages: JavaScript, HTML, CSS

Frameworks: GGS, Mueller Grid System, Columnal, Bootstrap, YAML 4

Back-end framework: It is for the application layer.


Frameworks:Django, Symfony, Ruby on Rails, Spring.

Selection of Frameworks

Developers like to select frameworks as they are helpful in solving many common CSS problems and speeding up the web development process. Depending on different requirements of a site, a particular kind of framework can be chosen to resolve basic issues. Try to look for comparatively simple and easy to understand frameworks so that you can easily integrate them with other systems.

CSS Frameworks

For many years, CSS frameworks have been chosen for web development purposes. With the help of a good and well-built CSS framework, one can simplify the development process and work as per the demands or needs. Responsive frameworks help to ensure that sites scale appropriately on different devices. CSS frameworks help in streamlining user interface components on web pages with the use of Cascading Style Sheets. I have listed out a few CSS frameworks and discussed them below for a good selection.


Kube Framework

Kube is a professional CSS framework. Extremely adaptive and responsive, Kube offers a revolutionary flexible grid and amazing typography. The framework allows complete freedom and does not impose styling at all.

Gumby Framework

Gumby Framework

For Gumby framework, most designers suggest to try it at least once. It is a responsive 960 grid CSS framework. It includes multiple grids with diverse column variations and hence offers you total flexibility. Gumby 2 is built with Sass and gives new tools to customize the framework.

Golden Grid System (GGS)

Golden Grid System

The Golden Grid System is a grid system for responsive design. This includes four main features: Columns, gutters, baseline grid and script.

GGS divides the screen into 18 columns, out of which 16 columns are used in the design. Its elastic gutters help to keep content in proportion according to the changes in screen width, for example tablet screens or mobile screens. With the help of baseline grid, it easily gets the font size change on different screens and adjusts the text on narrow screens.

Mueller Grid System

Mueller Grid System - CSS framework

The Mueller Grid System has responsive and non-responsive layouts where you have direct column and gutter width, baseline grid and media queries. The system works with four modules: media, layouts, fractions and templates. In the media, there is one default grid and if required, has different grids according to the tablets, mobiles, desktops, etc. One can expand media grids to predefined layouts. You can add fractional classes like half, third, etc. on top of grids and layouts. In the end, you can add templates.


Columnal CSS Framework and Grid System

The Columnal CSS Grid System is a mix of a couple of grid systems with a few custom codes in it. With its fluid nature and 1140 pixels width, Columnal responds well to most browsers. In case the browser gets lean, it changes to a mobile friendly layout. Responsive prototyping becomes easier with the help of sub-columns and extra space around content in a column. Other benefits include vertical spacing CSS classes and wireframing templates.

Responsive Grid System

Responsive Grid System

There are innumerable reasons why one should use Graham Miller’s Responsive Grid System. It is considered super easy for creating a responsive design. The system gives you any number of columns on a page with no restrictions of time and location. It helps in scaling to any column width. It allows you to keep the content first as the grid automatically adjusts to your text. The most significant thing is that it easily plugs into existing HTML and CSS.



YAML 4 is a bulletproof flexible grid system, built on Sass. The benefit is that it is supported in most browsers like Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera and Safari.  Known for a slim framework core (5.9 kB), YAML focuses on web standards and accessibility and is well prepared for HTML5 and CSS3.



The skeleton is a simple and beautiful boilerplate for responsive and mobile-friendly site development. The skeleton has a small collection of CSS files that make it a rapid tool for the site developer. It is fruitful for any screen size, be it a laptop or an iPhone. Skeleton’s lightweight 960 grid scales down to smaller screens like tablets and phones.

HTML5 Frameworks

HTML5 is a very popular language because it is easily supported in most modern web browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox6, IE9, etc. The best thing is that HTML5 can even be used to write web applications when not online. It also provides many features such as supporting animation, apps, music, movies, etc. While working online, it doesn’t require additional plug-ins. The use of HTML5 makes web pages more semantic with structure-specific tags. I will discuss below some of the best HTML5 frameworks that can speed up the site development process.

Twitter Bootstrap

Twitter Bootstrap

Bootstrap, built on Twitter, is a sleek and powerful front-end framework for creating sites and web applications. Also known as open-sourced framework, Bootstrap has HTML and CSS based design templates for designing interface components like navigation, typography, buttons, charts, forms, etc. With 12-grid responsive grid layout, the framework helps in working fast and smoothly.



One can call it the most advanced responsive front-end framework. Built with a powerful CSS preprocessor called Sass, Foundation 5 provides new tools and allows faster customization in coding and learning. Foundation includes a medium grid that can adjust precisely between small and large grids. You need to do less custom coding. Among its other advantages, the Foundation is customizable, semantic, faster, accessible, rapid prototyping, etc.

HTML KickStart

HTML KickStart

HTML KickStart is for rapid website production. It has an ultra lean set of HTML5, CSS, and jQuery (JavaScript) files, layouts and elements. It is one of the best tools to work in as many browsers like Chrome, Firefox, IE 8+, Safari, Opera, Safari IOS, Browser and Chrome Android. HTML KickStart is highly recommended for its designer-friendly features and also because it saves your lot of time.

HTML Boilerplate

HTML Boilerplate

HTML 5 Boilerplate is yet another good name for creating HTML5 websites and web applications. HTML5 Boilerplate, one of the most popular open source front-end web development tools, helps in facilitating websites to support modern browsers. The tool has a mobile-friendly HTML template, CSS resets for standardizing style sheet property values, standard media queries for popular viewing screens, placeholder icons, HTML5Shiv for non-modern web browsers and more.

G5 Framework

G5 Framework

G5 Framework is a website starter boilerplate, but is quite different from other regular boilerplates. G5 Framework offers basic codes to work for your development needs. One of the main objectives of the framework is to enhance the speed and quality of the development process. This comes along with the assurance of retaining the code quality, structure and consistency. Promoting standard principles, the framework provides a firm and solid starting point for working on a web project. It is supported by many web browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, IE7+, Safari and Opera.

Summing Up

It is always advisable to use a framework for speeding up the website process. Frameworks always prove to be a good source of ready codes and they simplify the development procedure. Above in the post. I have tried to discuss a few good frameworks, both CSS and HTML5 based. I hope you find them useful. Depending on your requirements, you can wisely select any framework for your task that does not allow you to write codes from scratch. These lay a certain groundwork for you to create a quality web design that aids in successful conversion. If you come across any other nice and useful framework, please let me know through your comments.

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